Diversity and Endemism in Turkey's Vegetation


AVCI M.

JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI, no.13, pp.27-55, 2005 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHY-COGRAFYA DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.27-55
  • Keywords: Endemic plants of Turkey, Plants of Turkey, Plant diversity of Turkey, Cultural biogeography of Turkey, SOUTH-CENTRAL ANATOLIA, PLANTS, HYPERACCUMULATION, RECONSTRUCTION, BIODIVERSITY, SERPENTINE, CATALHOYUK, FLORA

Abstract

Turkey is one of the richest areas in the middle latitudes in terms of plant diversity. The main reasons for this are; climates varieties, geomorphological and soil diversities, and the situation of the area at the junction of three flora region (Euro-Siberian, Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian). When all these factors are combined, it provides many properties for the plants to grow up and discrepant. The flora of Turkey is relatively rich (about 12 000 species) and still a great number of new species are being described. In this flora, there are a lot of interesting species such as halophytic species (especially Chenopodiaceae sp.), semi-desert plants (Anabasis aphylla), carnivorous plants (Drosera anglica) and nickel hyperaccumulators.