SARS-CoV-2 in early pregnancy-does it affect the aneuploidy screening markers and cause pregnancy loss?


Ozel A., Ozel C. S., Yuksel E., Cakmak A., ALICI DAVUTOĞLU E., Muhcu M.

IRISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, vol.193, no.1, pp.295-301, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 193 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11845-023-03454-y
  • Journal Name: IRISH JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-301
  • Keywords: Aneuploidy screening test, COVID-19, Pregnancy, SARS-CoV-2
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

BackgroundIt is known that vertical transmission of various infections poses a potential risk to the fetus, especially in early pregnancy. Potential effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection on early pregnancy and placental formation and functions still remain unknown.AimTo determine the alterations of prenatal aneuploidy screening markers in a group of pregnant women who were SARS-CoV-2 positive during the first trimester. The secondary goal was to assess pregnancy loss rates.MethodThe study group consisted of pregnant women who were diagnosed with mild forms of SARS-CoV-2 infection before the screening test at any time in early pregnancy. The control group included pregnant women who were not diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection during their pregnancy. SARS-CoV-2 infection was detected by RT-PCR in the nasopharyngeal swab samples. Multivariate linear regression analysis was performed due to evaluate effect of SARS-CoV-2 infection on NT and serum aneuploidy screening parameters taking maternal age and gestational age which the COVID-19 RT-PCR test result was positive into account.ResultsWe did not find any significant difference between the COVID-19-positive and COVID-negative groups in gestational age at screening, sonographic measurements of CRL, NT, and serum levels of PAPP-A, free hCG, and triple test serum markers even after accounting for maternal age and gestational age which the COVID-19 RT-PCR test result was positive. There was no statistically significant difference in pregnancy loss.ConclusionsWe did not find any evidence for unfavorable prenatal biochemical, ultrasound markers of fetal aneuploidy screening tests, and pregnancy loss rates in our study group.