Transcriptome sequencing and screening of genes related to glucose availability in Schizosaccharomyces pombe by RNA-seq analysis


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Tarhan Ç. , Çakır Ö.

GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, vol.44, no.3, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1590/1678-4685-gmb-2020-0245
  • Title of Journal : GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • Keywords: Glucose availability, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, aging, gene regulation, RNA-Seq, LIFE-SPAN EXTENSION, HEAT-SHOCK-PROTEIN, KINASE-A PATHWAY, SEXUAL-DIFFERENTIATION, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS, YEAST, EXPRESSION, COMPLEX, RESTRICTION

Abstract

While calorie restriction is the most used experimental intervention to increase lifespan in numerous model organisms, increasing evidence suggests that excess glucose leads to decreased lifespan in various organisms. To fully understand the molecular basis of the pro-aging effect of glucose, it is still important to discover genetic interactions, gene expression patterns, and molecular responses depending on glucose availability. Here, we compared the gene expression profiles in Schizosaccharomyces pombe mid-log-phase cells grown in three different Synthetic Dextrose media with 3%, 5%, and 8% glucose, using the RNA sequencing method. Expression patterns of genes that function in carbohydrate metabolism were downregulated as expected, and these genes were downregulated in line with the increase in glucose content. Significant and consistent changes in the expression were observed such as genes that encoding retrotransposable elements, heat shock proteins, glutathione S-transferase, cell agglutination protein, and conserved fungal proteins. We group some genes that function together in the transcription process and mitotic regulation, which have recently been associated with glucose availability. Our results shed light on the relationship between excess glucose, diverse cellular processes, and aging.