Role of Innate and Adaptive Immune System in Patients with Restless Leg Syndrome

Kökoğlu A., Engin A., Gelmez M. Y., Çetin E., Benbir Şenel G., Karadeniz D., ...More

International Molecular Immunology & Immunogenetics Congress V (MIMIC V), İzmir, Turkey, 20 - 22 October 2022, pp.47

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.47
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a sleep disorder that occurs with uncomfortable sensation and an urge to move, especially in the legs at rest. It has been shown that iron/ferritin deficiency, dysregulation of dopaminergic mechanisms and genetic factors play an active role in the disease. In addition, reports show that infectious diseases such as small intestinal bacterial overgrowth and HIV infection increase the prevalence of restless legs syndrome. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is one of the most common sleep disorders. Studies conducted with OSAS patients have shown that inflammatory processes associated with OSAS may play a role in the pathophysiology of the disease. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between RLS and immune system elements. Methods: Fourteen RLS patients, 15 RLS patients with OSAS (RLS+OSAS) and 10 healthy subjects were included in the study. T, B, NK, NKT and ILC cell ratio; intracellular IFN-γ, IL6, IL-10, IL-13 cytokines in T, B, NK cells; CD8+ T and NK cell cytotoxic activity were analyzed by flow cytometry. IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13 levels in plasma samples were evaluated with bead-based soluble molecule assay. Results and conclusion: Our results showed that compared to the healthy controls the ratio of ILC-1 subset and IL-13+CD4+ T cells were increased in RLS and RLS+OSAS patients but the levels of ILC-2 cells were decreased. When the NK cytotoxic activity of RLS patients were evaluated, it was found that the NK perforin levels were lower than OSAS+RLS patients and healthy subjects. Plasma IFN-γ and IL-13 levels were found elevated in the RLS patients with OSAS compared to the healthy subjects and RLS patients. In conclusion, our study revealed that both innate and adaptive immune system elements play a role in RLS.