Effect of Cold Therapy on Managing Postoperative Pain Following Breast Conserving Surgery

Emiroglu S., Esen E., Yalcin N., Azizoglu F. S., Zent N., Bozdogan A., ...More

PAIN MANAGEMENT NURSING, vol.24, no.4, pp.452-455, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pmn.2023.03.001
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.452-455
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Cold therapy is an important non-pharmacologic method used for pain relief.Aim: In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of cold therapy on managing postoperative pain following breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and assess its effect on recovering quality.Method: The study was planned and implemented as a randomized controlled clinical study. Sixty pa-tients with breast cancer were included in this study. All patients underwent BCS at Istanbul Faculty of Medicine. There were 30 patients in both the cold therapy and control groups. In the cold therapy group, a cold pack was placed around the incision line for 15 minutes every hour from the first hour after the operation until the 24th hour. To all the patients in both groups, pain levels were measured by visual analog scale (VAS) at the postoperative 1st, 6th, 12th, and 24th hours, respectively, and the quality of recovery was evaluated by a Quality of Recovery-40 questionnaire at the postoperative 24th hour.Results: The patients' median age was 53 (range: 24-71). All patients were T1-2 clinically and had no lymph node metastasis. Interestingly, the mean of pain level in the cold therapy group was statisti-cally significantly lower in the first 24 hours (1st, 6th, 12th, and 24th hours) of the postoperative period ( p = .001). Notably, the cold therapy group had higher recovering quality than the control group. In the first 24 hours, only 4 (12.5%) patients in the cold therapy group received additional analgesics, whereas all patients (100%) in the control group received additional analgesics ( p = .001).Conclusions: Cold therapy is an easy and effective non-pharmacologic method for pain relief after BCS in patients with breast cancer. Cold therapy reduces the acute pain of the breast and contributes to the quality of recovery of those patients.& COPY; 2023 American Society for Pain Management Nursing. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.