Clinical evaluation of marginal bone loss and stability in two types of submerged dental implants.

Gultekin B. A., Gultekin P., Leblebicioglu B., Basegmez C., Yalcin S.

The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants, vol.28, no.3, pp.815-23, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Purpose: The aim of this prospective clinical trial was to compare the three-dimensional marginal bone level, implant stability, and peri-implant health of two types of submerged dental implants that were restored with matching or platform-switched abutments. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five subjects were recruited (test group: 43 implants with internal conical connection and back-tapered collar carrying a platform-switched abutment; control group: 50 implants carrying a matched-platform abutment). Implant uncovering and conventional loading were performed after 3 months of healing, and the total observation time was 15 months. Marginal bone levels, resonance frequency analysis, insertion torque, and peri-implant health indices were recorded and analyzed statistically. Results: The cumulative implant survival rate was 100%. At the second-stage surgery, bone levels were similar between groups. One year after loading, mean crestal bone loss was 0.35 +/- 0.13 mm for test implants and 0.83 +/- 0.16 mm for control implants, a significant difference. Primary stability was significantly higher in the test group than in the control group, but this difference disappeared after 3 months of healing prior to loading. Between-group differences for peri-implant health indices were negligible. Conclusions: Both implant systems had the same survival rates. Implants with a built-in platform switch and conical connection with back-tapered collar design achieved higher primary stability at insertion and less bone resorption after 15 months.