12th International Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, Lisbon, Portugal, 5 - 07 October 2016, pp.144-145
Aim: The aim of this paper is to determine the prevalence of sarcopenic obesity in the elderly population of the Fatih District that take part in this geriatric screening survey.
Materials and methods: Bioelectrical-impedance- analysis (BIA) (TANITA-BC532) was used to measure the muscle weight. The muscle mass was evaluated with Baumgartner index (skeleton muscle weight/height 2). Low muscle weight (average of young adults-2SD) and the threshold for muscle strength are evaluated as the following according to our national data -men and women respectively, low muscle weight: <9.2 kg/m2 vs 7.4 kg/m2; <32 kg vs <22 kg. In addition, value of class-1 low muscle weight was determined as 10.1 and 8.2 kg/m2. The definition of sarcopenia was determined through EWGSOP algorithm and reduction of low muscle weight (SMMI) and muscle functions (OYH or muscle strength). The definition of obesity was evaluated through two alternative procedures, which are recommended by the literature as Zoico methodology: the percentile of fat belonging to elderly population is >=60 or WHO definition: BMI>=30 kg/m2.
Results: 204 of elderly population was recruited in the study (110 women - 94 men). The average age is 75.4 ± 7.3. The features of the study population including gender differences are summarized in Table 1. The determination for sarcopenic obesity was absent in both genders according to WHO definition, whereas the determination for sarcopenic obesity was present as %4.6 for males and %2.1 for the entire population according to Zoico methodology.
Conclusion: The fact that our study determined the SO as 0 according to the WHO criteria suggests that with this methodology, sarcopenia is absent in obese cases. Therefore we suggest that Zoico methodology could be more convenient in evaluating SO.