Objective: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative continuum with memory impairment. We aimed to examine the detailed functional (FC) and structural connectivity (SC) pattern of the Papez circuit, known as the memory circuit, along the AD. Methods: MRI data of 15 patients diagnosed with AD dementia (ADD), 15 patients with the amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 15 patients with subjective cognitive impairment were analyzed. The FC analyses were performed between main nodes of the Papez circuit, and the SC was quantified as fractional anisotropy (FA) of the main white matter pathways of the Papez circuit. Results: The FC between the retrosplenial (RSC) and parahippocampal cortices (PHC) was the earliest affected FC, while a manifest SC change in the ventral cingulum and fornix was observed in the later ADD stage. The RSC-PHC FC and the ventral cingulum FA efficiently predicted the memory performance of the non-demented participants. Conclusions: Our findings revealed the importance of the Papez circuit as target regions along the AD. Significance: The ventral cingulum connecting the RSC and PHC, a critical overlap area between the Papez circuit and the default mode network, seems to be a target region associated with the earliest objective memory findings in AD. (c) 2023 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.