Sağlık İnsan Gücü Ve Altyapı Açısından Oecd Ülkeleri’nin Sağlık Sistemi Etkililiklerinin Değerlendirilmesi


GÜN İ., ÖNDER E., KOÇAK O.

6th International Conference of Strategic Research in Social Science and Education (ICoSReSSE) 2017, Prag, Czech Republic, 12 - 14 May 2017, vol.6, no.1, pp.36-37

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 6
  • City: Prag
  • Country: Czech Republic
  • Page Numbers: pp.36-37
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Abstract Health is one of the most important structures of a country. Countries allocate significant share of health spending from their Gross National Product each year. This resource has been divided into human resources, medical devices and technology, medicine, diagnosis and treatment and etc. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the health system performance efficiency of OECD countries using maternal mortality rate, infant mortality rate, and maternal mortality rate with human resource, infrastructure and equipment inputs. The data used in the study were obtained from “OECD Health Statistics 2016”; and World Health Organization’ s “Global Health Observatory (GHO) data” reports. The data belongs to 2015 and most recent years. As a result of this analysis, various proposals have been made in the field of health politics and how the inefficient countries can become efficient. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) from nonparametric methods is an analysis that can be used in multiple output and input situations, measured by different measurement units. The input-driven CCR model was used because the state could not have a direct impact on output. As a result of DEA, 13 OECD countries have been found efficient and 22 countries have been found inefficient. In addition, the reference status of countries to other countries is also examined. As a result of the analysis, countries such as Iceland, Luxembourg, Poland, Turkey, Finland and Japan have frequently referred to inefficient countries. Among the reasons for become reference is the emergence of more output using fewer inputs. Inefficient countries need to go through a number of changes in their inputs in order to be able to reach the efficient position. When it comes to health care, it becomes even more important to use resources more efficient instead of reducing input. Key Words: health systems, efficiency, OECD, data envelopment analysis, DEA