TRIAGE AND MANAGEMENT OF MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES DURING EARTHQUAKE


BAYRAM S., POLAT G.

JOURNAL OF ISTANBUL FACULTY OF MEDICINE-ISTANBUL TIP FAKULTESI DERGISI, vol.86, pp.180-184, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

The harm of earthquakes can be decreased with operative ca-tastrophe planning , successful emergency assistance. First aid and triage organization are essential for the medical care of those trapped under the rubble after the earthquake. Every injury seen in orthopedics and traumatology practice can be ob-served with being under the rubble; these can be in a spectrum ranging from simple muscle crush to pelvis fracture with vascular injury. The main function of the orthopedist is to perform a quick diagnosis and accurate treatment to save the life and extremi-ties. The first step in the management of limb and axial skeletal injuries is accurate immobilization of the injured region, such as a cervical collar for the cervical spinal segment. Maintaining a safe airway and large-bore intravenous access for hemodynam-ic stabilization are also priorities in traumatized patients. Sur-gical procedures related to orthopedics and traumatology can be classified as follows; emergency care, emergency surgeries, delayed surgeries , planned surgeries. While performing all these surgical procedures, a multidisciplinary approach should be applied to monitor and treat the patient's general condition.