Masked Mycotoxins of Deoxynivalenol and Zearalenone – Unpredicted Toxicity


Shikhaliyeva I., Teker T., Albayrak G.

Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research , vol.29, no.2, pp.22288-22293, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.26717/bjstr.2020.29.004773
  • Journal Name: Biomedical Journal of Scientific & Technical Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.22288-22293

Abstract

Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungal species. Detoxification

processes of plants which are infected with the toxigenic fungi are responsible for

the conversion of them to mycotoxin derivatives, called masked mycotoxins. Masked

mycotoxins are less toxic metabolites for plants according to their free forms. Both of

these metabolites have toxic effects on animals and humans. Masked mycotoxins are

hydrolyzed into their free forms by human and animal intestinal microbiomes. Here,

we reviewed the unforeseen toxicity of masked trichothecenes, especially focused on

deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN), which are classified as major mycotoxins

of Fusarium species.