Bacteriophage cocktail as a promising bio-enhancer for methanogenic activities in anaerobic membrane bioreactors

AYDIN S. , Can K., ÇALIŞKAN M. , Balcazar J. L.

Science of the Total Environment, vol.832, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 832
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154716
  • Title of Journal : Science of the Total Environment
  • Keywords: Anaerobic membrane bioreactors, Antibiotic resistance genes, Archaea, Bacteriophage, Biofilms, Biofouling


© 2022 Elsevier B.V.This study aimed to explore the effect of a bacteriophage cocktail, pyophage, on the treatment of wastewater containing antibiotics in an anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR). During the operational period, performance of the AnMBR was monitored through the changes in chemical oxygen demand (COD), antibiotic removal, transmembrane pressure, and biogas production. Microbial community structure and composition, as well as the occurrence of antibiotic resistance genes were analyzed through shotgun metagenomics analysis. When exposed to pyophage, COD removal efficiency was enhanced up to 96%, whereas membrane fouling was delayed by 25%. Average biogas production was doubled from 224.2 mL/d in control with antibiotics to 447.3 mL/d when exposed to pyophage cocktail with considerable alterations to the archaeal and bacterial community structures. Most notably, the methanogenic community shifted from dominance of Methanothermobacter to Methanoculleus, along with syntrophic bacteria. The results provide insight into the synergistic effects of phage-bacteria and methanogenic communities and illustrate the potential of bacteriophages as bio-enhancers.