Chronology of trace elements and radionuclides using sediment cores in Golden Horn Estuary, Sea of Marmara.


Gozel F., Belivermis M., Sezer N., KURT M. A., Sikdokur E., Kilic O.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION, vol.315, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 315
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120359
  • Journal Name: ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Golden Horn estuary, Trace elements, Radionuclides Sedimentation rate, Radiometric dating, HEAVY-METAL CONCENTRATIONS, BLACK-SEA, SURFACE SEDIMENTS, MARINE-SEDIMENTS, AEGEAN SEA, RADIOACTIVITY LEVELS, MYTILUS-GALLOPROVINCIALIS, NATURAL RADIONUCLIDES, INTERTIDAL SEDIMENTS, ACCUMULATION RATES
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Trace elements and radionuclides are substantial pollutants in marine environment since they are nonbiodegradable and can be harmful even in minute concentrations. The Golden Horn estuary, where is an inlet of Bosphorus and two creeks, has been seriously polluted by untreated municipal and industrial dischargers for several decades. Since 1998, a large restoration and rehabilitation efforts have been undertaken in the estuary to mitigate the pollution. In the present study, four sediment cores were taken from the Golden Horn estuary to assess the historical accumulation of trace elements and radionuclides. Radiometric dating was implemented by 210Pb and 137Cs radionuclides and CRS model. Sedimentation rates were calculated in the range of 0.92-0.97 cm yr 1 in the estuary. The distribution of radionuclides (40K, 226Ra, and 228Ra) indicated some slight variations which ascribes to the geological characteristics of sediment along the cores. The concentrations of the anthropogenic elements were relatively higher in the intensive industrialization period. Their concentrations reduced in the latest 15-20 years thanks to the large-scale rehabilitation project in the estuary. The pollution indices, namely EF, Igeo, CF, and PLI showed that the concentrations of Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Sb, and Sn were above the world averages. Our results provide an insight on the long-term accumulation trends of trace element in the Golden Horn, which revealed that the estuary remains moderately polluted. We suggest that preventive countermeasures are much more important than post pollution remediation in the case of metallic pollution in the estuaries.