Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, 2022 (ESCI)
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Background: There are evidences linking diabetes to the pathogenesis and progression of various cancers. Metformin is a well-known antidiabetic drug that reduces the levels of circulating glucose and insulin in patients with both insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. Aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of metformin on the liver of rats bearing prostate cancer, diabetes and prostate cancer + diabetes via histopathological and biochemical methods. Methods: Male Copenhagen rats were divided into six groups. Control group, diabetic group, cancer group, diabetic + cancer group, diabetic + cancer + metformin group, cancer + metformin group. Diabetes was induced by injecting single dose of streptozotocin (65 mg/kg) to Copenhagen rats, cancer induced 2 × 104 Mat-LyLu cells. Metformin treatment was administered daily by gavage following inocculation of the Mat- Lylu cells to fifth and sixth group. The experiment was terminated on the 14th day following Mat-LyLu cell injection. At the end of the experimental period, the rats were sacrificed, and liver tissue was taken. Liver damage was scored. Biochemically, serum prostate-specific antigen level was determined by employing Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay method. In addition, the activities of different enzyme and biochemical parameters were determined spectrophotometrically inform the hepatic tissue specimens. Results: The findings of this study reveal that histopathological and biochemical damage in cancer and diabetic + cancer groups decreased significantly in the metformin treated groups. Conclusion: These highlights that the antidiabetic drug metformin can be repositioned for attenuating liver tissue damage associated with prostate cancer and diabetes.