NATO MENA SPACE CAPABILITIES AND SECURITY CHALLENGES, Naples, Italy, 28 June - 29 July 2022, pp.1-15
The World has become more vulnerable to natural disasters: Natural hazards and climate events, such as drought in Africa and some parts of Asia while hurricanes hit Caribbean countries, floods in Asia and even in the most developed countries, like Germany, and landslides in others...the world faced several epidemics, recently with Covid 19, and around the world, we are in different stages of responding to the emergencies.
Space technologies, which are vital to the early warning and management of the effects of disasters, can be useful and play critical roles in the risk assessment, mitigation, and preparedness phases of disaster management, as well as in the reduction of disasters. The establishment and use of these technologies require countries to be able to incorporate the routine use of space technology-based solutions, which is not a greater problem in developed countries, however, to increase awareness, build national capacity and develop solutions that are customized and appropriate to the needs of the developing world is hard in the most vulnerable parts of the world, firstly for economic reasons, and most of these countries are not space-faring States.
This paper discusses a new policy framework which should be developed specifically for the application of satellite technologies for real-time sharing of regional satellite data is especially critical in disaster risk reduction.