Working Memory, Mental Prospection, Time Orientation, and Cognitive Insight


Cinan S. , Dogan A.

JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, vol.34, no.3, pp.159-169, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000111
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
  • Page Numbers: pp.159-169
  • Keywords: working memory, mental prospection, cognitive insight, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation modeling, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, CAPACITY, SPAN, TASK, MIND, VERSION

Abstract

This research is new in its attempt to take future time orientation, morningness orientation, and prospective memory as measures of mental prospection and examine a three-factor model assuming working memory, mental prospection, and cognitive insight are independent but related higher-order cognitive constructs by using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The three-factor model produced a good fit to the data. An alternative one-factor model was tested and rejected. The results suggest that working memory and cognitive insight are distinguishable related constructs, and that both are distinct from, but negatively associated with, mental prospection. In addition, structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that working memory had a strong positive effect on cognitive insight and a moderate negative effect on mental prospection. 

This research is new in its attempt to take future time orientation, morningness orientation, and prospective memory as measures of mental prospection, and to examine a three-factor model that assumes working memory, mental prospection, and cognitive insight are independent but related higher-order cognitive constructs by using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The three-factor model produced a good fit to the data. An alternative one-factor model was tested and rejected. The results suggest that working memory and cognitive insight are distinguishable, related constructs, and that both are distinct from, but negatively associated with, mental prospection. In addition, structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that working memory had a strong positive effect on cognitive insight and a moderate negative effect on mental prospection.