Puerperium could have better intensive care outcomes with acute respiratory distress syndrome caused by COVID-19


Tulubas E. K., ÇETİNGÖK H.

MEDICINE, vol.101, no.41, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 41
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000031077
  • Journal Name: MEDICINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: COVID-19-induced ARDS, intensive care unit, postpartum women, puerperium, PREGNANCY, LYMPHOCYTES, DEPRESSION, INFECTION, WOMEN
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with (COVID-19 often result in mortality. Treatment outcomes among puerperant, when compared with non-pregnant women (NPW) with the same syndrome. Physiological changes underwent within the gestation period have a considerable impact on the immune system, respiratory system, cardiovascular function, and coagulation. Through this research, it was aimed to compare intensive care unit (ICU) follow-up and treatment results of postpartum-period patients with those of non-pregnant ones. During the first week of ICU, 23 puerperant COVID-19 patients with ARDS and 34 non-pregnant COVID-19 patients took part in the study. Age, height, and predictive body weight (PBW) at admission to the ICU were compared with the clinical parameters of disease severity, such as FiO2 (fraction of inspired oxygen), PaO2 (arterial oxygen partial pressure), Horowitz index (PaO2/FiO2), procalcitonin (PCT), and C-reactive protein (CRP). Respiration parameters were recorded a meta-vision back server. Demographic data, FiO2, PaO2, Horowitz index, PCT, CRP and respiration parameters values were similar in both groups. The duration of non-mechanical ventilation and number of patients were seen to be significantly greater among the puerperant group than control group (P; .04 and .002, respectively). The duration of mechanical ventilation was similar in both groups (P; .07), while the mortality rate was lower in the puerperant group (P; .004). The postpartum women with COVID-19 induced ARDS were observed to have better ICU follow-up results and lower mortality. However, it is considered that the present results need to be supported greater number of participants.