12th International Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, Lisbon, Portugal, 5 - 07 October 2016, pp.148-149
Aim: This paper aims at investigating geriatric assessment data and its association with gender in the elderly men and women assessed within the scope of geriatric study in Fatih District/Istanbul Province.
Tools and methods: The study recruited elderly cases between the age of 60 and 101, who live in society. The questionnaire covered KATZ/Daily-Life-Activity-Scale (DLA) and LAWTON-BRODY-Instrumental-Daily-Life-Activity-Scale (IDLA) for the functional capacity measurement, EQ5D-life-quality survey for life-quality-measurement, a mini-cog test for cognitive status, GDS-SF for depression, a FRAIL survey for vulnerability, a Romberg test and a postural instability test for balance and walking.
Findings: The study recruited 204 elderly cases (94 men,110 women). Mean age: The mean age was 75,4 ± 7.3 years. Demographics, functionality, geriatric syndrome data of the study population and mutual distributions among genders are presented. Out of our study population, elderly women’s numbers of chronic diseases and medications, GDS-SF score, EQ-5D score, fear of falling, urinary incontinence, VAS score, chronic pain complaints and FRAIL score were higher while their educational level, instrumental daily life activity score and subjective health status score were lower. No significant difference was observed between two genders in terms of age, basic DLA score, existing dementia, HT, DM, HL diagnoses, subjective health status score, rates of falling within the last 1 year, fecal incontinence, Romber maneuver, need for assistance in ambulation, and cognitive disorder presence assessed by a mini-cog test. The postural instability was more common for the elderly women whereas it was within the limit of significance (p = 0.07).
Conclusion: The prevalence of geriatric syndromes was found higher in the elderly women living in society than in men. The findings of our study suggest that geriatric assessment is likely to be much more beneficial in women.