SPECIAL CARE IN DENTISTRY, 2022 (ESCI)
The pathogenesis of hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is largely unknown; however, the removal of excess tissue may often be necessary as it often causes aesthetic and functional problems. Gingivectomy is usually a treatment option that can be performed using a scalpel, cryotherapy, electrosurgery, or laser. This paper aims to evaluate the results of HGF treatments using a diode laser of five people from the same family. Three members of a family of five (two females and three males; 9-36 years old) underwent gingivectomy with a 3 W 300-micron fiber-tipped diode laser (Doctor Smile, Vicenza, Italy) at 810 nm wavelength. While all teeth of one member were extracted, the other member refused treatment. Relapse occurred in three members due to poor oral hygiene. The diode laser was reapplied and oral hygiene instructions were repeated. Patients were followed during the postoperative period for up to two years. HGF is a rare condition that clinicians should pay attention to in the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-ups. Since recurrences are due to dental plaque, oral hygiene instructions are essential and compliance is mandatory. Although there are many treatment approaches, the diode laser is the most indicated method due to many advantages such as providing a bloodless and more sterile operation field, performing an atraumatic surgery, ensuring earlier and ideal recovery, and minimizing postoperative pain.