Clinical outcomes of three different techniques using adjustable-loop fixation in arthroscopic single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: A prospective randomized clinical trial.


Kocazeybek E., Meric E., Ersin M., Ekinci M., Kizilkurt T., ŞAHİNKAYA T., ...More

The Knee, vol.43, pp.208-216, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.knee.2023.06.015
  • Journal Name: The Knee
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.208-216
  • Keywords: Adjustable loop, Anterior cruciate ligament, Knot-tying, Retensioning
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Adjustable femoral suspensory fixation for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) become popular in recent years. The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the clinical outcomes of three different techniques using an adjustable-loop fixation in ACRL. Methods: This study included 38 patients who underwent ACLR using the adjustable-loop device for femoral fixation between January 2018 and November 2021. All the participants were randomly assigned to a standard (group 1), retensioning (group 2), retensioning and knot tying (group 3). Clinical outcome parametres included Tegner – Lysholm Score, IKDC score, KT-1000 displacement and isokinetic muscle function tests. Results: Overall, 38 patients (group 1: n = 13 [mean ± SD age, 30.1 ± 9.40 years]; group 2: n = 12 [mean ± SD age, 24.5 ± 7.79 years]; group 3 = 13 [mean ± SD age, 27.8 ± 6.59 years]) were included in the final analysis. The follow-up period was 9.7 ± 1.2; 9.5 ± 1.7 and 10 ± 1.5 months for groups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. From preoperatively to postoperatively, the mean Tegner-Lysholm scores improved significantly in all three groups (group 1: from 63.5 to 95.6; group 2: from 61.58 to 98.5; group 3: from 66.6 to 95.9, P < 0.0001 for all), as did the mean IKDC score (group 1: 53.9–88.8; group 2: 61.3–94.9; group 3: 60.7–94.6 (P < 0.0001 for all). Conclusion: The retensioning with or without knot-tying method is believed to increase stability in graft fixation. However, there were no significant differences in clinical outcomes in each technique.