Potential role of immune cell genetic variants associated with tumor microenvironment response in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in terms of clinicopathological features


Horozoglu C., Sonmez D., Demirkol S., Hakan M. T. , Kaleler I., Hepokur C., ...More

PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE, vol.228, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 228
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.prp.2021.153665
  • Title of Journal : PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE
  • Keywords: LSCC, PD-1, PD-L1, CD27, CD28, REGULATORY T-CELLS, CANCER, HEAD, POLYMORPHISM, PD-1, COSTIMULATION

Abstract

Immunomodulatory signals regulate the self-tolerance, activation, priming and survival processes of T cells. Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1), Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitory signals and CD27, CD28 costimulators have been detected for many solid organ cancers in tumor-infiltrating T cells. It was aimed to investigate the immune cell-based regulatory genetic variants in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in terms of clinicopathological features. Genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP method for PD-1 rs2227981, PD-L1 rs2890658, CD28 rs3116496, CD27 rs2267966 genetic variants from genomic DNAs extracted from peripheral blood samples in One Hundred Thirty-Six individuals (Sixty-one LSCC and seventy-five controls). Analysis of SNPs was carried out according to multiple inheritance models (co-dominant, dominant, recessive, overdominant and log-additive). There was no difference between LSCC and control groups in genotype/allele distribution for PD-1 and PD-L1 (p > 0.05). In the PD-1 overdominant model, the CT genotype was found to be high (p = 0.036) in those without a family history. The frequency of C allele (AC+CC) in the PD-L1 dominant model was higher in alcohol users and those with reflux (p = 0.024; p = 0.001 respectively). In the Dominant model for PD-L1, the AA genotype was lower in moderately and well-differentiated tumors than in poorly differentiated tumors (p = 0.02). CD27 AT and CD28 CT genotypes were found to be higher in LSCC patients compared to the control group (p = 0.009; p = 0.01 respectively), while linkage disequilibrium (LD) was detected between CD27 and CD28 (p = 0.02). In the CD28 dominant model, C allele (CT+CC) carriage was found to be high in those with family history and in those without reflux and perineural invasion (p = 0.01; p = 0.01; p = 0.03 respectively). In LSCC, PD-L1 rather than PD-1 has a prognostic effect in terms of clinicopathology, and the LD and clinicopathological relationships detected between CD28 and CD27 genotypes suggest that the hereditary immune checkpoint-dependent T cell traffic may be pathophysiologically important.