Cytogenetic and molecular characterization of a patient having infertility and mild intellectual disability with a very rare unstable ring chromosome 13


Kaya M., Suer İ., Kalayci T., Karaman B., Ozturk Ş., Palanduz S.

SCOTTISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, vol.67, no.4, pp.173-177, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00369330221114426
  • Journal Name: SCOTTISH MEDICAL JOURNAL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.173-177
  • Keywords: Ring chromosome 13, infertility, mild intellectual disability, CHAMP1 gene
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Introduction Ring chromosomes arise from breakage and fusion at distal regions of short and long arms of the chromosomes. The effect of the ring chromosome on the phenotype may vary widely depending on the amount of the deletion in the chromosomal areas and genes implicated in these regions. Case presentation We present a 35-year-old male patient with infertility and mild intellectual disability (MID) who has de novo ring 13 (r(13)) chromosomes. To determine chromosomal abnormality, we performed karyotype analysis, Y chromosome microdeletion analysis, FISH, and aCGH techniques. Conclusion The patient's karyotype analysis result was mos46,XY,r(13)(p13q34)[75]/45,XY,-13[14]/46,XY,dic (13;13)[8]/47,XY,r(13), + r(13)[2]/46,XY,tetrac r(13;13;13;13)[1]. FISH analysis supported the findings of the cytogenetic analysis. Y microdeletion analysis showed that the AZF region was intact. On aCGH analysis, we detected a 1.5 megabase deletion at the end of chromosome 13, including the CHAMP1 gene. The loss of the CHAMP1 gene, in particular, may explain our patient's MID, and the other deleted genes at 13q34 may explain our patient's infertility.