In vitro skin permeation and antifungal activity of naftifine microemulsions Naftifin mikroemülsiyonlarının in vitro deriden permeasyonu ve antifungal aktivitesi


Erdal M. S. , Gürbüz A., Birteksöz T., Güngör S., Özsoy Y.

Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol.17, no.1, pp.43-48, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/tjps.galenos.2018.87699
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-48
  • Keywords: Naftifine, microemulsion, colloidal drug carrier system, topical antifungal, TRANSDERMAL DELIVERY, TOPICAL DELIVERY, FORMULATION, DRUG, PENETRATION, VORICONAZOLE, SYSTEMS

Abstract

© Turk J Pharm Sci, Published by Galenos Publishing House.Objectives: Microemulsions are fluid, isotropic, colloidal systems that have been widely studied as drug delivery systems. The percutaneous transport of active agents can be enhanced by their microemulsion formulation when compared to conventional formulations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate naftifine-loaded microemulsions with the objective of improving the skin permeation of the drug. Materials and Methods: Microemulsions comprising oleic acid (oil phase), Kolliphor EL or Kolliphor RH40 (surfactant), Transcutol (co-surfactant), and water were prepared and physicochemical characterization was performed. In vitro skin permeation of naftifine from microemulsions was investigated and compared with that of its conventional commercial formulation. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy was used to evaluate the interaction between the microemulsions and the stratum corneum lipids. Candida albicans American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) 10231 and Candida parapsilosis were used to evaluate the antifungal susceptibility of the naftifine-loaded microemulsions. Results: The microemulsion formulation containing Kolliphor RH40 as co-surfactant increased naftifine permeation through pig skin significantly when compared with the commercial topical formulation (p<0.05). ATR-FTIR spectroscopy showed that microemulsions increased the fluidity of the stratum corneum lipid bilayers. Drug-loaded microemulsions possessed superior antifungal activity against Candida albicans ATCC 10231 and Candida parapsilosis. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that microemulsions could be suggested as an alternative topical carrier with potential for enhanced skin delivery of naftifine.