Diverging prognostic effects of CD155 and CD73 expressions in locally advanced triple-negative breast cancer


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CABIOĞLU N., BAYRAM A., EMİROĞLU S., ÖNDER S., Karatay H., Oner G., ...More

FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY, vol.13, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3389/fonc.2023.1165257
  • Journal Name: FRONTIERS IN ONCOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

BackgroundImmune checkpoint inhibition, combined with novel biomarkers, may provide alternative pathways for treating chemotherapy-resistant triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). This study investigates the expression of new immune checkpoint receptors, including CD155 and CD73, which play a role in T and natural killer (NK) cell activities, in patients with residual TNBC after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). MethodsThe expression of biomarkers was immunohistochemically examined by staining archival tissue from surgical specimens (n = 53) using specific monoclonal antibodies for PD-L1, CD155, and CD73. ResultsOf those, 59.2% (29/49) were found to be positive (>1%) for PD-L1 on the tumour and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), while CD155 (30/53, 56.6%) and CD73 (24/53, 45.3%) were detected on tumours. Tumour expressions of CD155 and CD73 significantly correlated with PD-L1 expression on the tumour (p = 0.004 for CD155, p = 0.001 for CD73). Patients with CD155 positivity & GE;10% were more likely to have a poor chemotherapy response, as evidenced by higher MDACC Residual Cancer Burden Index scores and Class II/III than those without CD155 expression (100% vs 82.6%, p = 0.03). At a median follow-up time of 80 months (range, 24-239), patients with high CD73 expression showed improved 10-year disease-free survival (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) rates compared to those with low CD73 expression. In contrast, patients with CD155 (& GE;10%) expression exhibited a decreasing trend in 10-year DFS and DSS compared to cases with lower expression, although statistical significance was not reached. However, patients with coexpression of CD155 (& GE;10%) and low CD73 were significantly more likely to have decreased 10-year DFS and DSS rates compared to others (p = 0.005). ConclusionThese results demonstrate high expression of CD73 and CD155 in patients with residual tumours following NAC. CD155 expression was associated with a poor response to NAC and poor prognosis in this chemotherapy-resistant TNBC cohort, supporting the use of additional immune checkpoint receptor inhibitor therapy. Interestingly, the interaction between CD155 and CD73 at lower levels resulted in a worse outcome than either marker alone, which calls for further investigation in future studies.