Water quality and heavy metal monitoring in water and sediment samples of the KuAA1/4k double dagger ekmece Lagoon, Turkey (2002-2003)

Altun O., Sacan M. T., Erdem A.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.151, pp.345-362, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 151
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-008-0276-8
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.345-362
  • Keywords: Coastal Lagoon, Microbiological parameter, Physical and chemical parameters, Pollution, EUTROPHICATION, PHOSPHORUS, NITROGEN, MARINE
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Physical and chemical parameters have been analyzed in water samples from a brackish water lagoon, KuA A1/4k double dagger ekmece, located on the western outskirts of Istanbul. Samples were collected every two months for a year from nine sampling stations. Of the parameters measured, temperature, pH, salinity, nitrate and phosphate showed changes when compared with the previously published data. The lagoon was found eutrophic as it was reported previously. Sulphate and COD levels were higher when compared with the standards established by the Turkish Water Pollution and Control Regulation. Additionally, concentrations of heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn) in water and bottom sediments were measured and compared with the standards established by the Turkish Water Pollution and Control Regulation and with the previously published data. The results were analysed statistically with respect to location and any relationships between the concentration of the elements in corresponding water and sediment samples were examined. Principal Component Analysis of water samples allowed us to discriminate three areas affected mainly by heavy metal contamination, possibly due to industrial, commercial and/or urban activities. Generally, the concentrations of the heavy metals were higher at stations near the three estuaries, suggesting a direct influence of the three creeks on the pollution of the KuA A1/4k double dagger ekmece Lagoon. Although elevated levels of Cd were recorded in several water samples, it was not detected in sediment. On the other hand, a particularly high level of Cr pollution was recorded most of the water and sediment samples.