Career success schemas and their contextual embeddedness: A comparative configurational perspective

Kaše R., Dries N., Briscoe J. P., Cotton R. D., Apospori E., Bagdadli S., ...More

HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT JOURNAL, vol.30, no.3, pp.422-440, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1748-8583.12218
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, INSPEC, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.422-440
  • Keywords: career success schema, cognitive mapping, configurational approach, institutional context, QCA, taxonomy, MANAGEMENT-PRACTICES, CULTURE, PERFORMANCE, CONSEQUENCES, PREDICTORS, INDUSTRY, THOUGHT, IMPACT
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


We introduce career success schemas as critical for understanding how people in different contexts perceive and understand career success. Using a comparative configurational approach, we show, in a study of 13 countries, that two structural characteristics of career success schemas-complexity and convergence-differ across country contexts and are embedded in specific configurations of institutional factors. Adopting complexity and convergence as primary dimensions, we propose a taxonomy of career success schemas at the country level. Based on this taxonomy, we contribute to the understanding of subjective career success across countries, discuss the importance of schemas for organisational career systems in multinational enterprises, and propose specific guidelines for future comparative careers research.