12th International Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, Lisbon, Portugal, 5 - 07 October 2016, pp.205-206
Objectives: The objective of this abstract is to investigate the nutritional problems of the elderly population in the community.
Methods: The elderly at the addresses that are determined by cluster sample among the elderly living in Istanbul province, Fatih district has been enrolled to the study. The interviewers of the study were 3rd & 4th-grade-students of Istanbul Medical Faculty. They were subjected to a standardized education regarding the execution of the study. The study involves participants who were between 65 and 101 years old. Their height, BMIs, the abdominal girth, the circumference of calves and upper mid-arms were measured. The malnutrition screening was done with MNA-SF. The abdominal girth of men being >= 102 cm, women being >= 88 cm was defined as metabolically risky.
Findings: 204 elder cases (94 men,110 women) participated in the study. The mean agewas 75.4 ± 7.3. The prevalence of malnutrition was 41.7% and higher among women at a statistically significant level (50.9% versus 30.9%; p = 0.004). The prevalence of obesity and high abdominal girth circumferencewere respectively 42.9% and 74.9% and both conditions were more common in women. There was no significant difference between the weights and abdominal girth circumferences of different genders whereas the BMI, the circumference of the hip and calveswere significantly higheramongwomen and the circumference of the upper mid-arm and MNA-SF-score were lower among women.
Results: Malnutrition and obesity are prevalent problems of the geriatric population in our society and occupy a major place in community health. Both nutritional problems are more common in elderly women. In addition malnutrition is more prevelant compared to other societies.