Journal of Media Literacy and Academic Research, vol.1, no.2, pp.60-73, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
With participation in social life, all the interpersonal and intergroup relations an individual establishes takes
places in accordance with his/her gender roles and gender identity attributed by society. In this respect, it can
be suggested that all forms of relationships individuals establish with others are shaped in parallel with his/
her gender identity. Therefore, it would not be wrong to argue that the gender identity an individual possesses
in interpersonal relationships has a significant effect on the formation of the relationship established. One
of the most important communication barriers confronted in the interpersonal communication process is
stereotypes related to gender identity. Gender identity stereotypes emerge according to gender roles taught to
each individual who joins society. The presence of these stereotypes turns into interpersonal communication
barriers, which, in many cases, show their effects even before communication starts. In this regard, it is
considered that addressing the content of stereotypes about the gender identity of the source and recipient
as communication barriers in the communication process, is important. For this purpose, emphasis was
laid primarily on the guiding effect of stereotypes in interpersonal processes within the scope of the study.
Afterwards gender stereotypes were evaluated based on the findings of research conducted in this field,
and with reference to characteristics of gender stereotypes.