Outcomes of kidney transplantation in patients with congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract: a propensity-score-matched analysis with case-control design.

OTO Ö. A., Mirioğlu Ş., Yazici H., DİRİM A. B., Güller N., Şafak S., ...More

Turkish journal of medical sciences, vol.53, no.2, pp.526-535, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0144.5613
  • Journal Name: Turkish journal of medical sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.526-535
  • Keywords: Congenital abnormalities of kidney and urinary tract, graft loss, outcomes, transplantation
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Background/aim: We compared long-term outcomes after kidney transplantation (KTx) in patients with and without congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT). Materials and methods: KTx recipients (KTRs) with CAKUT in 1980–2016 were identified; their hard copy and electronic medical records were reviewed and compared to a propensity-score-matched control group (non-CAKUT) from the same period. The primary outcomes were graft loss or death with a functioning graft; secondary outcomes included posttransplant urinary tract infections (UTIs) and biopsy-proven rejection (BPR). Results: We identified 169 KTRs with CAKUT and 169 matched controls. Median follow-up was 132 (IQR: 75.0–170.0) months. UTIs were more common in CAKUT patients compared to non-CAKUT group (20.7% vs 10.7%; p = 0.01). Rates of BPR were similar between the two groups. In Kaplan–Meier analysis, 10-year graft survival rates were significantly higher in the CAKUT group than in the non-CAKUT group (87.6% vs 69.2%; p < 0.001), while patient survival rates were similar. In multivariate Cox regression analyses, CAKUT (HR: 0.469; 95% CI: 0.320–0.687; p < 0.001) and PRA positivity before transplantation (HR: 3.756; 95% CI: 1.507–9.364; p = 0.005) predicted graft loss. Conclusions: Graft survival in KTRs with CAKUT appears superior to KTRs without CAKUT. Transplant centers should develop multidisciplinary educational and social working groups to support and encourage CAKUT patients with kidney failure to seek for transplants.