Effects of BPA on global DNA methylation and global histone 3 lysine modifications in SH-SY5Y cells: An epigenetic mechanism linking the regulation of chromatin modifiying genes

Senyildiz M., Karaman E. F., Bas S. S., Pirincci P. A., Ozden S.

TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO, vol.44, pp.313-321, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tiv.2017.07.028
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.313-321
  • Keywords: Bisphenol A, Cytotoxicity, DNA methylation, Histone modifications, Chromatin modifiying genes, SH-SY5Y cells, BISPHENOL-A EXPOSURE, IN-VITRO, ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS, LUNG-CANCER, EXPRESSION, GROWTH, PROLIFERATION, ACETYLATION, INVASION, DIFFERENTIATION
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Bisphenol A (BPA), an estrogenic endocrine disruptor, is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resins, resulting in high risk on human health. In present study we aimed to investigate the effects of BPA on global and gene specific DNA methylation, global histone modifications and regulation of chromatin modifiying enzymes in human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). Cells were treated with BPA at 0.1, 1 and 10 mu M concentrations for 48 and 96h. IC50 value of BPA was determined as 183 and 129 mu M in SH-SY5Y cells after 24h by MTT and NRU tests, respectively. We observed significant alterations on the 5-mC% levels (1.3 fold) and 5-hmC% levels (1.67 fold) after 10 mu M of BPA for 96h. Significant decrease was identified in H3K9me3 and H3K9ac after 10 mu M of BPA for 96h while decrease was observed in H3K4me3 at 10 mu M of BPA for 48h. Alterations were observed in chromatin modifiying genes including G9a, EZH2, SETD8, SETD1A, HAT1, SIRT1, DNMT1, RIZ1 and Suv39h1 after 96h of BPA exposure. Taken together, this study suggests that BPA might modulate the epigenetic regulators which would be key molecular events in the toxicity of endocrine disrupting chemicals.