Driving factors affecting the phytoplankton functional groups in a deep alkaline lake


Oguz A., AKÇAALAN ALBAY R., Koker L., GÜREVİN C., DORAK Z., ALBAY M.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF BOTANY, vol.44, no.6, pp.633-646, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/bot-2004-33
  • Journal Name: TURKISH JOURNAL OF BOTANY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Geobase, Veterinary Science Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.633-646
  • Keywords: Phytoplankton functional groups, Lake Iznik, Turkey, trophic status, ECOLOGICAL STATUS, ASSEMBLAGES, CYANOBACTERIA, CLASSIFICATION, OVALISPORUM, DIVERSITY, COMMUNITY, RESERVOIR, QUALITY, INDEX
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study evaluated the phytoplankton communities based on functional groups to obtain information about the water quality of Lake Iznik, Turkey. The phytoplankton consisted of 103 taxa, classified in 12 phytoplankton functional groups (PFGs), with dominancy of 5 species, Chrysosporum ovalisporum, Dolichospermum mendotae, Planktothrix rubescens, Fragilaria capucina, and Mougeotia sp. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H') was calculated and results ranged between 0.41 and 2.47. The redundancy analysis (RDA) and Spearman's correlation analysis were used to assess the relationships between the PFGs and environmental variables. According to the multiple comparisons of the data, the main efficient factors that determined the seasonal distribution of the PFGs were TP, DO, SiO2, SD, and pH. The ecological requirements of the dominant PFGs (C, D, F, J, H-1, Lo, S-N, P, R, T, and X-2) indicated mainly meso-eutrophic waters. Similarly, Carlson's trophic state index (TSI) stated mesotrophy conditions. As a result, the approach of PFGs can he successfully applied in a deep, alkaline lake to understand the water quality and trophic status.