Demographic and Clinical Features of Patients with Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Multicenter Registry Study of the Turkish Oncology Group


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DOĞAN İ., AKSOY S., Cakar B., BAŞARAN G., Ercelep O., Molinas Mandel N., ...More

Cancers, vol.15, no.6, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/cancers15061667
  • Journal Name: Cancers
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: breast cancer, hormone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, metastasis, registries, treatment
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This multicenter registry study aims to analyze time-related changes in the treatment patterns and outcome of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) over a ten-year period. Correlations between demographic, prognostic variables and survival outcomes were carried out in database aggregates consisting of cohorts based on disease presentation (recurrent vs. de novo) and the diagnosis date of MBC (Cohort I: patient diagnosed between January 2010 and December 2014; and Cohort II: between January 2015 and December 2019). Out of 1382 patients analyzed, 52.3% patients had recurrent disease, with an increased frequency over time (47.9% in Cohort I vs. 56.1% in Cohort II, p < 0.001). In recurrent patients, 38.4% (n = 277) relapsed within two years from initial diagnosis, among which triple-negative BC (TNBC) was the most frequent (51.7%). Median overall survival (OS) was 51.0 (48.0–55.0) months for all patients, which was similar across both cohorts. HER2+ subtype had the highest OS among subgroups (HER2+ vs. HR+ vs. TNBC; 57 vs. 52 vs. 27 months, p < 0.001), and the dnMBC group showed a better outcome than recMBC (53 vs. 47 months, p = 0.013). Despite the lack of CDK inhibitors, luminal A patients receiving endocrine therapy had a favorable outcome (70 months), constituting an appealing approach with limited resources. The only survival improvement during the timeframe was observed in HER2+ dnMBC patients (3-year OS Cohort I: 62% vs. Cohort II: 84.7%, p = 0.009). The incorporation of targeted agents within standard treatment has improved the outcome in HER2+ MBC patients over time. Nevertheless, despite advances in early diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis of patients with TNBC remains poor, highlighting the need for more effective treatment options.