12th International Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, Lisbon, Portugal, 5 - 07 October 2016, pp.149
Objective: In this abstract, it is aimed to determine the prevalence of sarcopenia and its components in the elderly people who are evaluated by Fatih/Istanbul Province geriatric survey research.
Methods: In the study, the sample changes from 63 to 101 years old people. Muscle mass is measured by bio impedance analyze (TANITABC532) and is evaluated by Baumgartner Index (skeletal muscle kg/length2). According to our national data, lowmuscle mass (the average of adult-2SD) and muscle power threshold are determined for men and women: <9.2 kg/m2, 7.4 kg/m2 and <32 kg, <22 kg respectively. Also, Class 1 low muscle mass level is determined as 10,1 and 8,2 kg/m2. The definition of sarcopenia is defined as low muscle mass (SMMI) and reduction of muscle function (OYH or strength of muscle) by definition of EWGSOP. Additionally, calf girth is noted. According to our national references, the low calf girth is determined as being the diameter of calf girth lower than 33 cm.
Results: 204 cases (94 men, 110 women) were included in the research. Median agewas 74,5 ± 7,3 years. The characteristics and their distributions by gender are summarized in the Table 1. The prevalence of sarcopenia and its components are by order: sarcopenia 5.3%, low muscle mass 9.8%, dynapenia 51.5%, lowwalking speed 25.6%. Lowcalf girth-an indirect indicator of low muscle mass was observed in the 15.8% of the cases.
Conclusion: Our results of study show that the sarcopenia prevalence of elderly people in our society is low which is similar in other population; however, dynapenia and the low level of walking speed are very common problems.