Prevalence and characteristics of visual aura in idiopathic generalized epilepsy

Gungor-Tuncer O., Baykan B., Altindag E., Bebek N., Gurses C., Gokyigit A.

EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR, vol.25, no.4, pp.573-576, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2012.09.004
  • Journal Name: EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.573-576
  • Keywords: Idiopathic generalized epilepsy, EEG, Visual aura, Seizure, Migraine, MIGRAINE
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Some patients with idiopathic/genetic generalized epilepsy (IGE) experience visual aura, which can confuse the diagnosis. We sought to determine the frequency and characteristics of visual auras in IGE patients. Among the 176 IGE patients, 4 men and 7 women reported visual auras (mean age - 24 years). Syndromic diagnoses were juvenile myoclonic epilepsy in four, eyelid myoclonia with absences (EMA) in three, juvenile absence epilepsy in three, and other in one. Visual auras consisted of flashing lights, macropsia, illusional movements, and blindness. Eyelid myoclonia with absences was significantly more common in the group with visual aura (3 of 11 patients vs. 8 of 165 IGE patients; P=0.02). Furthermore, photosensitivity was found significantly more common in IGE patients with visual aura (90% vs 46% of the total IGE patients) (P=0.004). In conclusion, the visual auras do not exclude a diagnosis of IGE. The presence of visual aura in the EMA syndrome is also remarkable. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.