Effect of Home-Based Exercise Program on Physical Function and Balance in Older Adults With Sarcopenia: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Study


JOURNAL OF AGING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, vol.29, no.6, pp.1010-1017, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1123/japa.2020-0348
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF AGING AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • Page Numbers: pp.1010-1017
  • Keywords: aging, balance training, fall risk, physical activity, strength training, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, STRENGTH, MOBILITY, FALLS, PERFORMANCE, PREVENTION, IMPROVES, GO

Abstract

In the prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter study, 100 patients who were clinically diagnosed with sarcopenia were assigned to either a home-based exercise group or a control group. The home-based training program included exercises with gradually increasing intensity comprising posture, stretching and upper- and lower-extremity muscle-strengthening exercises, balance and coordination exercises, and gait training. Before and 3 months after the exercise program, all the patients were evaluated. The 6-min walking test and Berg Balance Scale scores increased significantly after 3 months in the home-based exercise group compared with the controls. There was also a significant decrease in timed up and go test scores and a significant improvement in quality of life in the exercise group compared with the control group. Our findings indicated that a home-based exercise program can have a positive effect on physical function, balance, and quality of life in patients with sarcopenia.