Synthesis and In Vitro Biological Evaluation of Aminonaphthoquinones and Benzo[b]phenazine-6,11-dione Derivatives as Potential Antibacterial and Antifungal Compounds

Tuyun A. F. , Bayrak N., Yildirim H., Onul N., Kara E. M. , Celik B. O.

JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.2015, 2015 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2015
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2015/645902
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus


A series of 2-arylamino-3-chloro-1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives (3a-h) by the reaction of 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone with aryl amines (2a-h) and benzo[b]phenazine-6,11-dione derivatives (4a-c) by the treatment of 2-arylamino-3-chloro-1,4-naphthoquinone derivatives (3a-h) with sodium azide were synthesized and tested for their in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities. The results suggest that compounds 3d and 3g had potent antifungal activity against Candida albicans (MIC = 78.12 mu g/mL). All synthesized compounds (3a-h, 4a-c) possessed activity against E. faecalis with MIC values of between 312.5 and 1250 mu g/mL. Benzo[b]phenazine-6,11-dione derivatives (4a-c) were mostly active against Gram-positive bacteria. The structures of the new members of the series were established on the basis of their spectral properties (IR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR, and mass spectrometry).