Operative Hysteroscopy Versus Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System (LNG-IUS) Insertion: A Prospective Observational Study on the Effect of Surgical and Medical Treatments on Sexual Functions in Women With Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

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Evruke I., Tas I. S.

CUREUS JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, no.3, 2023 (ESCI) identifier identifier


Background This study aims to evaluate the effect of operative hysteroscopy and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion for abnormal uterine bleeding on sexual function and, if it improves sexual function, to examine differences in sexual function between women undergoing hysteroscopy and women using LNG-IUS.Methods Ninety women aged between 25 and 52 enrolled in the study. Participants were divided into two groups, including 45 operative hysteroscopy patients and 45 LNG-IUS patients. All patients completed the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire pre-treatment and after three months post-treatment. Pre-and post-treatment FSFI scores were compared both within and between groups.Results The mean FSFI scores at three months following both treatments were significantly higher than baseline in both groups (p<0.05). When the two groups were compared, no significant difference was observed between baseline and three-month post-treatment differences in FSFI scores except for the pain domain. In the pain domain of the FSFI questionnaire, a more significant improvement was found in the LNG -IUS inserted group compared to the operative hysteroscopy group.Conclusion Patients had improvement in sexual functions after both operative hysteroscopy and LNG -IUS insertion treatment. No significant difference was observed in hysteroscopy and LNG-IUS patients after both treatments in terms of sexual function according to scores calculated by FSFI, except for the pain domain. Significant improvement was observed in the pain domain of the FSFI for the LNG -IUS inserted group compared to the operative hysteroscopy group, thus demonstrating a significant effect and improvement for dyspareunia and chronic pelvic pain complaint in the LNG-IUS inserted group.