The Effects of Serum Potassium and Magnesium Levels in a Patient with Gitelman's Syndrome on the Timing of Ventricular Wall Motion and the Pattern of Ventricular Strain and Torsion


Yildiz M. , Yildiz B. S. , Karakoyun S., Cakal S., Sahin A., Aladag N. B.

ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES, vol.30, no.2, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/echo.12034
  • Title of Journal : ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY-A JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR ULTRASOUND AND ALLIED TECHNIQUES

Abstract

Gitelman's syndrome is a primary renal tubular hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia can cause cardiac tissue excitability and conduction. Global ventricular mechanical function is directly related to the contractile properties of cardiac myocytes, which are largely dependent on the flow of ions such as potassium and magnesium. Here, we show that increased levels of potassium, in addition to magnesium, in a patient with Gitelman's syndrome significantly impacts the timing of ventricular wall motion and the pattern of ventricular strain and torsion. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography was used for evaluation of the hypokalemichypomagnesemic period (first day) and third day after potassium chloride and magnesium replacement therapy. The transthoracic echocardiography showed that the percent ejection fraction was similar in hypokalemichypomagnesemic (63%) and normokalemicnormomagnesemic (after potassium and magnesium therapy, 67%) hearts. However, decreased left ventricular apical 4-chamber peak systolic longitudinal strain, left ventricle global peak systolic strain, and global torsion values increased after potassium chloride and magnesium replacement therapy.