Cooling towers are considered as amplifier and disseminator sources for Legionella spp. despite preventive treatments. Information which was obtained from biocidal tests could improve the effectiveness of treatments. Therefore, the choice of appropriate biocides and the applying of biocides in correct dosages and contact times are important. Various oxidizing and non-oxidizing biocides have been investigated in vitro for their effectiveness against legionellae. Colloidal silver-hydrogen peroxide (CSHP) and 2-bromo-2-nitroporopane-1,3-diol (BNPD) biocides were selected as an example for oxidizing and non-oxidizing agents, respectively, in view of bactericidal action against different serogroups of L. pneumophila strains [ serogroup 1 (S1) and serogroup 2-14 (S2)] which are isolated different cooling towers in the vicinity of Istanbul, Turkey and reference strain. In the current study, oxidizing biocide was found more effective than non-oxidizing biocide in terms of contact times, log reductions and recommended dosages. At the recommended concentrations for cooling towers (100 ppm), while CSHP compound killed all strains in 3 h contact time, BNPD compound killed S2 and reference strain in the same contact time, S1 strain after 6 h contact time. The results of the present study showed that effective biocide applications can be achieved by pre-determining minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum contact time of different biocides to kill target bacteria.