Proximal and distal alignment of normal canine femurs: A morphometric analysis

Kara M. E. , Sevil-kilimci F., Dilek O. G. , Onar V.

ANNALS OF ANATOMY-ANATOMISCHER ANZEIGER, cilt.217, ss.125-128, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 217
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.aanat.2018.02.006
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.125-128


Many researchers are interested in femoral conformation because most orthopaedic problems of the long bones occur in the femur and its joints. The neck-shaft (NSA) and the anteversion (AVA) angles are good predictors for understanding the orientation of the proximal end of the femur. The varus (aLDFA) and procurvatum (CDFA) angles have also been used to understand the orientation of the distal end of the femur. The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between the proximal and distal angles of the femur and to compare the distal femoral angles in male and female dogs in order to investigate the sexual dimorphism. The measurements of normal CDFAs, which have not been previously reported, may also provide a database of canine distal femoral morphology.