Lead (Pb) toxicity causes oxidative stress by increasing the production of reactive oxygen species. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of 24-epibrassinolide (24-EBL) on the antioxidant defence system as a response to Pb stress in Brassica juncea L. Surface-sterilized seeds were exposed to Pb ion (0 and 2 mM) toxicity in Petri dishes and subsequently, the seeds were sprayed with either (i) deionized water or (ii) different concentrations (10(-12), 10(-10), and 10(-8) M) of 24-EBL on alternate days. After nine days, the roots of the B. juncea seedlings were harvested to analyze the heavy metal content, root length, hydrogen peroxide level, lipid peroxidation, total protein content and activities of the antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glutathione-S-transferase). According to our results, the Pb ions accumulated by the B. juncea roots led to oxidative stress by increasing the level of H2O2 and malondialdehyde, and thus, increased the activity of the antioxidative enzymes (except for catalase) and the growth and total protein content decreased. Whereas, the 24-EBL treatment to the roots of Pb stressed seedlings was able to alleviate the Pb-induced oxidative stress. Upon the application of 24-EBL, a reduction in Pb accumulation, H2O2 and malondialdehyde levels as well as an increased total protein content and activity of antioxidative enzymes detoxifying hydrogen peroxide (catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and peroxidase) were observed. As a result, the stress protective properties of 24-EBL depending on concentration in B. juncea roots were revealed in this study.