The role of Pr3+, Pr3+-Y3+and Pr3+-Y3+-Dy3+ions substitutions on the electrical and dielectric properties of NiCo nanospinel ferrites

ÜNAL B., Almessiere M. A., Auwal I. A., Slimani Y., Baykal A.

JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, vol.944, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 944
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2023.169096
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Public Affairs Index, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


This study investigated the electrical and dielectric features for NiCo (Ni0.5Co0.5Fe2O4) NSFs, Pr-NiCo (Ni0.5Co0.5Pr0.1Fe1.9O4) NSFs, PrY-NiCo (Ni0.5Co0.5Pr0.1Y0.1Fe1.8O4) NSFs and PrYDy-NiCo (Ni0.5Co0.5Pr0.1Y0.1Dy0.1Fe1.7O4) NSFs have been synthesized hydrothermally. The microstructure of all compositions was characterized thru XRD, SEM, EDX, TEM and HR-TEM. XRD analyses proved the formation of cubic structure and the absence of any impurity. The cubic morphologies of all products have been confirmed by HR-TEM and SEM measurements. The chemical composition presented by EDX was matched with the predicted chemical composition. Temperature (T) and frequency (f) dependent electrical and di-electric measurements were made to evaluate ac/dc conductivities, dielectric constant/losses, and dis-sipation factor as well as Cole-Cole plots of impedance functions for all NiCo NSFs substituted with Pr3+, Pr3+Y3+ and Pr3+Y3+Dy3+-ions. The ac conductivity measurements confirmed that it obeyed power law rules, largely dependent on the ion substitutions in the host NiCo NSFs. The dielectric constant of NiCo NSFs leads to the usual dielectric distribution, which is strongly influenced by substituted Pr3+, Pr3+-Y3+ and Pr3+-Y3+- Dy3+ ions. Impedance analysis indicated that the conduction mechanisms in all samples were mainly due to grain-to-grain boundaries. The variation in dispersion factors with frequency, like Koop's phenomenological model, is generally attributable to the conduction mechanism in ferrites.(c) 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.