Clinical evaluation of small diameter straumann implants in partially edentulous patients: a 5-year retrospective study.


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Yaltirik M. , GÖKÇEN-RÖHLIG B., Özer S., EVLIOGLU G.

Journal of dentistry (Tehran, Iran), vol.8, pp.75-80, 2011 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Title of Journal : Journal of dentistry (Tehran, Iran)
  • Page Numbers: pp.75-80

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study was to retrospectively evaluate small-diameter (3.3 mm) Straumann® dental implants placed in the maxilla or the mandible over a period of 5 years in function.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twenty-eight partially edentulous patients received a total of 48 implants over a 5-year period. After the standard healing period (3 to 6 months), the implants were restored with single-tooth prostheses or fixed partial dentures. All patients were followed according to a strict maintenance program with regular recalls. The cumulative survival rates of implants were analyzed and prosthetic complications were assessed.

RESULTS:

After 5 years of function, one single 10-mm-long implant in the maxillary premolar region was lost because of recurrent peri-implant infection in a female patient. Two single 10-mm-long maxillary implants placed in the posterior region were lost due to body fracture. The cumulative 5-year survival rate of the implants was 93.75 %. The most common prosthetic complication was loosening of the occlusal screw.

CONCLUSION:

Within the limited observation period and the number of patients included in this study, it may be concluded that the use of small-diameter implants appears to be predictable if clinical guidelines are followed and appropriate prosthetic restorations are provided. However, it should be noted that fatigue fracture may occur.