Paraoxonase-1 Polymorphisms (L55M/Q192R) and Activities (PONase/AREase) in Patients with Idiopathic Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: A Preliminary Study

Ozturk E., Pehlivan S., Ozcan C., UĞUR M. G., Balat O.

GENETIC TESTING AND MOLECULAR BIOMARKERS, vol.23, no.7, pp.501-505, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/gtmb.2018.0245
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.501-505
  • Keywords: PON1, idiopathic recurrent early pregnancy loss, OXIDATIVE STRESS, LONGITUDINAL CHANGES, SERUM PARAOXONASE, ASSOCIATION, WOMEN, GENE, Q192R
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: To evaluate the associations between idiopathic recurrent early pregnancy loss (REPL) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) polymorphisms and the activities of its encoded enzymes. Materials and Methods: Ninety-eight women were enrolled in this study, including 21 currently pregnant multiparous women without a history of miscarriage; 18 multiparous women who were not pregnant during the study; 30 women with a history of idiopathic REPL who were pregnant; and 29 who were not. Paraoxonase (PONase) and arylesterase (AREase) activities, two activities of the PON1 enzyme, were measured through commercially available kits (Relassay, Gaziantep, Turkey). PON1 genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis. Data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows version 19.0 (SPSS). Results: There was no association between idiopathic REPL and PON1 polymorphisms or PONase activity. The AREase activity of the PON1 enzyme trended higher in the healthy pregnant group than in the healthy nonpregnant group (p = 0.067), and was higher in the pregnant group with a history of idiopathic REPL than in the nonpregnant group with a history of idiopathic REPL (p = 0.041). Conclusions: Despite there being no detected association between PON1 activities or genotype and idiopathic REPL, we showed that AREase activity increased during early gestation. New studies, including longitudinal changes in serum AREase activity throughout normal pregnancy, should be carried out to further evaluate the association between PON encoded enzymatic activities and early gestational pathophysiology.