K562 cells display different vulnerability to H2O2 induced oxidative stress in differing cell cycle phases

Akcakaya H., Dal F. , Tok S., Cinar S., Nurten R.

CELL BIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, vol.39, no.2, pp.201-209, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cbin.10360
  • Page Numbers: pp.201-209


Oxidative stress can be defined as the increase of oxidizing agents like reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, or the imbalance between the antioxidative defense mechanism and oxidants. Cell cycle checkpoint response can be defined as the arrest of the cell cycle functioning after damaging chemical exposure. This temporary arrest may be a period of time given to the cells to repair the DNA damage before entering the cycle again and completing mitosis. In order to determine the effects of oxidative stress on several cell cycle phases, human erytroleukemia cell line (K562) was synchronized with mimosine and genistein, and cell cycle analysis carried out. Synchronized cells were exposed to oxidative stress with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) at several concentrations and different times. Changes on mitochondria membrane potential (m) of K562 cells were analyzed in G(1), S, and G(2)/M using Rhodamine 123 (Rho 123). To determine apoptosis and necrosis, stressed cells were stained with Annexin V (AnnV) and propidium iodide (PI) for flow cytometry. Changes were observed in the m of synchronized and asynchronized cells that were exposed to oxidative stress. Synchronized cells in S phase proved resistant to the effects of oxidative stress and synchronized cells at G(2)/M phase were sensitive to the effects of H2O2-induced oxidative stress at 500M and above.