Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Modified Dynamic Gait Index in the Elderly

Zirek E., MUSTAFAOĞLU R., Cicek A., Ahmed I., Mavromoustakos S.

EVALUATION & THE HEALTH PROFESSIONS, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/01632787221128311
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index
  • Keywords: Balance, elderly, falls, gait, modified dynamic gait index, reliability, validity, PEOPLE, INDIVIDUALS, BALANCE, ADULTS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The modified Dynamic Gait Index (mDGI) is one of the valid instruments used in the evaluation of gait disorders. This study aimed to translate the mDGI into Turkish and evaluate the evidence for its reliability and validity for use in an elderly population. For test-retest reliability, the mDGI was administered twice, and for inter-rater reliability, the mDGI was administered alone on the same day by two raters. Concurrent validity of the mDGI was assessed using Pearson's correlation analysis between the Turkish version of the mDGI score and the Timed Up and Go (TUG), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and 10-m Walk Test (10-MWT), respectively. The internal consistency of the mDGI was found to be excellent (Cronbach's alpha = 0.97) and test-retest (ICC = 0.95; 95% Cl (0.84-0.95)) and inter-rater reliability (ICC = 0.95; 95% Cl (0.85-0.95)) were excellent. A negative, moderate correlation was found between mDGI and TUG (r = -0.73, p < .0001), and a positive, moderate correlation with BBS (r = 0.71, p < .0001) and 10-MWT (r = 0.72, p < .0001). The Turkish version of the mDGI was found to be a valid and reliable assessment instrument for gait and balance in the elderly.