Effects of extensive mobilization and tension anastomosis in anorectal reconstruction (experimental study)


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Morozov D., Morozova O., Severgina L., Mokrushina O., Marchuk T., Budnik I., ...More

Pediatric Surgery International, vol.39, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00383-022-05306-9
  • Journal Name: Pediatric Surgery International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Anal stenosis, Anorectal malformation, Anorectoplasty, Constipation, Hirschsprung’s disease, Ischemia, Tension anastomosis
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Purpose: Anorectoplasty and pull-through procedure can be performed with extensive mobilization or tension anastomosis, which can compromise bowel blood perfusion. We aimed to analyze the hypoxia biomarker values and histopathological findings in both conditions to correlate the occurrence of anal stenosis and defecation disorders in experimental models. Methods: We created anorectal reconstruction models with impaired vascularization of the anorectum (group I) and tension anastomosis (group II) in rats. A third group of animals underwent sham operation (group III) and another as controls (group IV). Hypoxia biomarker values were assessed in all groups. The histopathological changes on the postoperative days 3 and 35, anal stenosis and defecation disorders on day 35 were compared. Results: Hypoxia biomarker values confirmed postoperative ischemia in groups I–III compared to control. Group I and II rats had a similarly pronounced ischemia with histopathologic changes in the anorectum on the postoperative day 3 and accompanied by severe fibrosis on day 35. Compared to the sham operation, both groups showed defecation disorders with significant anal stenoses. Conclusion: Extensive rectal mobilization to about the same extent as tension anastomosis has a major impact on postoperative rectal ischemia, resulting in severe fibrotic changes in the anorectum and defecation disorders in the long term.