Efficacy of capacitive-resistive therapy on the treatment of myofascial pain – A randomized control trial


Dinçer Ş., Devran S., Savaş E. Ç., PASİN Ö., Bayraktar B.

Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, vol.38, pp.86-91, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jbmt.2023.09.010
  • Journal Name: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.86-91
  • Keywords: Capacitive-resistive therapy, Myofascial syndrome, Neck pain, Neck range of motion, Trigger point
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Background: Myofascial pain syndrome is a painful musculoskeletal condition with muscle spasm, referred pain, stiffness, restricted range of motion. Capacitive-resistive diathermy heats deep tissues by transferring energy through radiofrequency waves. Although this modality is used to treat various musculoskeletal disorders, there is no specific data on myofascial trigger points. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of capacitive-resistive diathermy on the myofascial trigger points. Methods: Thirty-six volunteers with active myofascial trigger points were included. Patients were randomly and equally allocated into two groups. Group-1 is the capacitive-resistive diathermy treatment group; Group-2 is the placebo capacitive-resistive diathermy (PG). Visual analog scale (VAS), pain pressure threshold (PPT), neck disability index (NDI), neck range of motion (nROM), Short form-36 (SF-36) were used as outcomes before and after the intervention. Results: In both groups, VAS, PPT, NDI score significantly improved within the groups (p < 0.05). The CRG showed a statistically significant improvement in nROM for flexion, extension, and rotation (p < 0.05). However, ROM increase in CRG is not superior to PG (p > 0.05). Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the two groups. We thought positive results in the PG might attributed to doing exercise. As a result, capacitive-resistive diathermy is not superior to exercise, but can be used as an adjuvant modality in myofascial trigger points treatment.