© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.This prospective study was aimed to explore the bacterial diversity of marine mucilage developed in the Marmara Sea and the North Aegean Sea by metabarcoding. For this purpose, mucilage samples were collected from five different sampling locations, and the bacterial community structure was analyzed by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The results highlighted a diverse bacterial community dominated by Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes species. A negative and significant correlation between pH level and Campylobacterales, Clostridiales, and Vibronales abundances was detected, while a strong positive correlation was determined between total phosphorus (TP) and Campylobacterales. Results revealed that the bacterial community in the mucilage samples was predominated by particle-attached species preferring high-nutrient concentrations. This is the first study evaluating the bacterial diversity in a mucilage outbreak using a metabarcoding approach. Its results may contribute to this growing area of research and provide a database for further studies.