Trends in major transfusion-transmissible infections among blood donors over 17 years in Istanbul, Turkey


Kocak N., Hepgul S., Ozbayburtlu S., Altunay H., Ozsoy M., Kosan E., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH, cilt.32, ss.671-675, 2004 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 32 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2004
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1177/147323000403200613
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.671-675

Özet

Infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis are serious complications of blood transfusion. These infections are routinely screened by blood banks; such tests are obligatory for transfusion safety in Turkey. The results of screening 1 737 943 blood donations from blood centres in Istanbul between I January 1987 and 31 December 2003 for HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis were analysed retrospectively. Hepatitis B surface antigen rates fell from 5.98% in 1987 to 2.07% in 2003. Anti-HCV seropositivity was found to be approximately 0.5%, whereas anti-HIV seropositivity was approximately 0.001%. Rapid plasma reagin rates (test for syphilis) were 0.04% in 1987, and increased to 0.2% in 2002. The decreasing trends observed in data from the 17-year period studied indicate the value of safety measures taken, in particular the implementation of donor screening procedures in 1997.